Defense (or defence, in Canada) is half the game and the hardest part too.  It requires that both partners  understand each other really well. Having some good signalling tools is very helpful. UDCA (upside down count and attitude) has some advantages over other methods (standard, odd-even, Lavinthal, etc).  Principally, it avoids wasting a high card… Continue reading UDCA


The primary use of Lebensohl is in countering interference over a 1NT bid, but it can also be used after opponents’ weak-two bids and in responding to a reverse by partner. Lebensohl is a difficult convention to master. As Larry Cohen puts it, “it takes study, practice, and a partner on the same page“.Several bridge websites… Continue reading Lebensohl


XYZ is new minor forcing for the 21st century! New minor forcing (NMF) allows partner to ensure opener keeps on bidding after three successive bids ending in 1NT. XYZ, on the other hand, applies after a sequence of any three 1-level bid ( 1X, 1Y,1 Z, e.g. 1!c, 1!d, 1!h). 2!c by responder as an artificial relay.… Continue reading XYZ